We are working on an existing building and need to know if the exterior 8" masonry walls are 2 hr fire rated in order to make a determination as to the Building Type. The exterior walls are covered in direct applied stucco and the interior walls are covered with gypsum drywall. Can we be reasonably sure that the walls, with stucco and drywall, meet the requirements for 2 hours?
The only way to be 100% sure is to remove 6 block intact from the structure and send them to the lab to be tested to determine that they meet the requirements of C90 and what the equivalent thickness of the units are in accordance with C140. you would also need to verify that the material used in manufacturing the units is limestone.
All that being said, you can make some conservative assumptions and be relatively certain that the walls meet 2 hours using the provisions of Chapter 7 of the 2017 Florida Building Code 6th Ed., Building.
Since 99.9% of all block manufactured in Florida use limestone as the main aggregate you can safely assume that the block in the building are limestone based, thus requiring a 4" equivalent thickness in accordance with Table 722.3.2.
The least equivalent thickness for any block regularly produced in South Florida is 3.6 inches. An example of this would be the CEMEX T007. Thus 3.6 would be a conservative assumption for the block used in a building in SW Florida. Interpolation of the table is allowed so that 3.6" gives you 100 minutes. Thus, you are .4" and 20 minutes short of your required 2 hr rating.
Section 7184.108.40.206 gives you directions on how to calculate the fire rating value of finishes applied to the non fire-exposed side of the wall and Section 7220.127.116.11 gives you directions on how to calculate the value of finishes on the fire-exposed side. These sections refer you to Table 718.104.22.168(1) for the non fire-exposed side and Table 722.214.171.124(2) for the fire-exposed side. If there is doubt from which side the code is requiring the rating the best thing is to calculate from both side and take the least value.
Conservative assumptions on the wallboard and stucco would be 1/2" wallboard and 3/8" (.375") single coat stucco (the stucco would not be to code but would be conservative for the purpose of calculating a conservative value of the fire rating).
Running the calc with the fire side assumed as the exterior you get:
FIRE RESISTANCE RATINGS OF CONCRETE MASONRY ASSEMBLIES
We are bidding a job where the project engineer is requiring a 2500 psi block to meet an f'm of 1500 psi. We know that the new code allows a 2000 psi block to have an f'm of 2000 psi. What can we do?
Lets be clear, the project engineering can call for any strength block they desire - as long as it is called out in the project specs that are bid with the job. So if your project specs call for a 2500 psi individual block strength and an f'm of 1500 the 2500 wins and that is what you need to supply to the job.
On the other hand, if the specs ONLY call out for a masonry unit that meets 2000 psi f'm they MUST accept the current code and accept a 2000 psi individual unit strength. Requiring a higher strength unit than is required by the code, and not called out in the bid documents, would constitute a change to the project.
What strength do I need on my individual block to attain an f'm=2500 psi?
Under the FBC-Building 5th Edition you required an individual block strength of 3750psi to attain an f'm=2500. Under the new 6th Edition Florida Code you only need a strength of 3250 psi. The change is in Table 2 in TMS 602-16. The strength of masonry was increased by about 35% from the TMS 602-11 which was the Masonry Standard referenced in the 5th Ed FBC-Building.
Links to additional information:
Jerry Painter, FASTM
Don Beers, PE, GC