This was a comment by a Florida Building Official on waterproofing block walls.
"Masonry is by it's nature porous and is not a good vapor barrier. My assumption is that in addition to the Tyvek, some sort of siding, brick or other finished material is planned other than stucco. " What are your thoughts?
You would never put tyvek on a masonry wall. I have never heard or seen such a thing. The code does not require a “vapor barrier” on cmu . Your block either has integral water repellent in combo with an exterior sealant/paint ----- or ------ it is stucco’d in which case the stucco and paint in combo with the cmu becomes the water/vapor barrier ------ or---------- you put brick on the outside with a roll on barrier ------ or---------- if you are using direct adhered stone or thin brick you use a product that seals the wall and adheres the stone or thin brick.
In all cases, other than at cracks - which need to be addressed in the design, the wall is water tight and sufficiently vapor tight to keep the interior dry.
The architect is specifying the product DRY-BLOCK by gcp applied technologies as an integral waterproofing admix to be added to the block that are to be covered with a direct applied stucco. Is this what the industry would recommend?
The masonry industry and the stucco manufactures in Florida clearly DO NOT recommend the use of an integral waterproofing agent in masonry to be covered with direct applied stucco. This is not specific to the DRY-BLOCK product but applies to ANY integral waterproofing agent added to the block during the manufacturing process.
The reason is simple - integral waterproofing agents negatively effect the bond between the block unit and the stucco coating. This bond is one of the most important aspects direct applied stucco coatings. The problem is that good stucco bond depends on absorption of cement and water, out of the stucco, into the pores of the block. The integral waterproofing agents are an excellent product for preventing exactly this type of water movement.
Integral waterproofing in the masonry is highly recommended for single-wythe masonry walls which are not covered with direct applied stucco. They would also be appropriate for masonry covered with stucco attached to lath that is then mechanically attached to the block.
In the case of direct applied stucco, the stucco itself is the primary waterproofing barrier protecting the wall. Stucco has proven itself an effective waterproofing barrier by both experience and testing.
A school gymnasium was built with concrete masonry and direct applied stucco. It experienced leakage and so they put a stucco on lath over the direct applied stucco. They are now experiencing more leakage and are wondering what they can do.
There are two completely separate issues created by the stucco over lath added to the structure. The first and most important issue is the nature of the fasteners used to attach the stucco on lath to the structure. The fasteners should have been stainless attached through the existing stucco into the masonry substrate. Since the structure is leaking again it can be assumed that the drainage plane between the two coatings is holding water. If the fasteners were not SS then there could be problems with corrosion.
The second issue is the leakage which, if the new stucco on lath has been properly fastened to the masonry substrate, is a matter of completely sealing all cracks and control joints and giving the stucco a few new coats of acrylic paint.
Jerry Painter, FASTM
Don Beers, PE, GC